Within the Media Industry, shot sizes and composition play a big part in the way the video or photo works. The framing of objects or people can vary depending on the shot size that is in motion.
If the camera is placed extremely close to the object or person to show just one part, such as close to the eyes, then this is called an Extreme Close Up [ECU]. This shot allows the viewer to see detail of an object or person to show emotion or a reflection of the surrounding area or people.
If the object or head of the person fills the shot, then it is a close up[CU]. This is generally used as a way to show emotion on the persons face or show a specific object close up to the camera to show detail, thoughts and feelings.
If the person or object is show from waist height upwards and some of the background is visible, then this is a Medium Shot. This shot is usually used to show the object or person showing detail of emotion or thought as well as giving the viewer a shot of the background so they can understand why the person or object is in this way.
If the character is visible from the knees to head, this is a Medium Long Shot [MLS]. These are usually used to show a large amount of the background whilst keeping the focus on the characters actions.
A Long Shot [LS] shows a large or all amount of a subject, usually a character, from head to toe. This also shows most of the surroundings in the background to coinside with the characters actions.
An Extreme Long Shot [ELS] is used to show a character or objects place but with more of the background than the person or object. This shot can also be used as an establishing shot to set the surroundings for which the scene is set in.
A Wide Shot [WS] is often captured with a wide angle lens and is usually used as an establishing shot in a scene, usually at the start of the film. The point of this shot is to show all of the subject’s surroundings.
An Overhead Shot [OH] is where the camera will be directly above the object or character to show what they are doing, giving a birds eye view of the action.
A Point Of View Shot [POV] is used to show what the character is seeing, giving the view that you as the audience are in the characters shoes looking at what they are.
A High Angle Shot [H/A] is were the camera is facing down on a character or object, potentially to make them look powerless or vulnerable. This works well with children as this shot can make them seem vulnerable as a character.
Subsequently, a Low Angle Shot [L/A] is where the camera is facing up at a character or object, making them seem more powerful over other things. This works well at the start of superhero movies as they get their power because it shows them as no longer being a normal human and them having powerful superpowers.
An Over The Shoulder Shot [OTS] is where the camera is placed to look over one characters shoulder at another character. This is usual used during a conversation and is always a Medium Close Up of one character plus has the person in the foregrounds back, shoulders and head.
Finally, a Deep Shot [DS] is when an object or person is usually in the foreground and something else is in the background. This shot usually uses a focus effect, as the shot starts, the camera will focus on the thing in the foreground and the background will blur and then the thing in the background will focus and the foreground will blur.